What is Threat Intelligence?
Threat intelligence is data assembled, processed, and analyzed to learn a threat actor’s motives, targets, and behaviors. Threat intelligence empowers us to achieve faster, more informed, data-backed security resolutions and advance their response from reactive to proactive in the battle against threat actors.
Why is Threat Intelligence Important?
In the realm of cybersecurity, advanced persistent threats (APTs) and protectors are continually attempting to outsmart one another. Data on a threat actor’s best course of action is urgent to proactively fit your protections and acquire future attacks.
Companies are 72% wanting to build threat intelligence spending in impending quarters that progressively perceive threat intelligence’s value in any case, and there is a contrast between perceiving value and receiving value. Most companies today are focusing on just the most fundamental use cases. For example, coordinating threat data takes care of existing networks, IPS, firewalls, and SIEMs — without exploiting the experiences that intelligence can offer.
Companies who keep to this low level of threat intelligence are missing out on actual benefits that might help them improve their security postures significantly.
Threat intelligence is essential for the following reasons:
- allows security groups to make better decisions by shedding light on the unknown
- reveals hostile goals, tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) by empowering cyber security stakeholders
- Enables business stakeholders, like executive boards, CISOs, CIOs, and CTOs, to invest wisely, mitigate risk, become more efficient.
- Make more agile choices by helping security experts to comprehend better the threat actor’s decision-making process.
Who Benefits from Threat Intelligence?
Threat intelligence helps enterprises of all sizes process threat data to understand their attackers better, respond to crises faster, and anticipate a threat actor’s next move. It also provides distinct benefits to every member of a security team from top to bottom, including:
- Sec/IT Analyst
- Intel Analyst
- Executive Management
Threat Intelligence Lifecycle
The intelligence lifecycle is transforming raw data into ultimate intelligence, which can make decisions and take action. You’ll come across a variety of slightly different variations of the intelligence cycle. Still, the purpose is to guide a cybersecurity team by developing and implementing an effective threat intelligence program.
Let’s see the six steps resulting in a feedback stage to encourage perpetual improvement:
The threat intelligence lifecycle requirements are strategical because it establishes the path for a given threat intelligence operation. The team will discuss the goals and methods of their new intelligence program based on the needs of stakeholders/decision-makers involved.
The intelligence team will set out to discover
- What is the motive of the attackers?
- What is the attack platform?
- What are the necessary actions that should be taken to strengthen their defenses against future attacks?
Secondly, The team then sets out to gather the information needed to meet those goals. Depending on the goals, the team would seek traffic logs, publicly available data sources, related forums, social media, and industry or subject matter experts.
After the raw data has been obtained, it should be prepared into a form suitable for analysis. Common examples are organizing data points into spreadsheets, decrypting files, translating information from foreign sources, and analyzing the data for relevance and dependability.
After the dataset has been prepared, the team must administrate a thorough analysis to find answers to the requirements phase’s queries. The team also interprets the dataset into action items and significant recommendations for the stakeholders throughout the analysis phase.
The threat intelligence team must transform their analysis into a digestible style and deliver the results to the stakeholders during the dissemination phase. The audience determines how the analysis is presented. In most circumstances, the recommendations should be provided in a one-page report or a short slide deck, with no confusing technical language.
Finally, the threat intelligence lifecycle entails receiving comments on the delivered report to assess if any changes to future threat intelligence operations are required. Stakeholders’ priorities, the frequency with which they want to receive intelligence reports, and how data should be disseminated or presented may all change.
Types of threat intelligence
Tactical Threat Intelligence
Challenge: Companies oftentimes only focus on singular threats
Objective: Obtain a more extensive perspective of threats in order to resist the underlying problem
Tactical intelligence is focused on the immediate future, is technical in character, and examines simple indicators of compromise (IOCs). It is the simplest type of intelligence to bring forth and is almost always automated. Consequently, it can be attained via open source and free data feeds. However, it regularly features a pretty short-term lifespan because IOCs like malicious IPs or domain names can turn out-of-date in days or maybe hours.
Operational Threat Intelligence
Challenge: Threat actors support techniques that are effective, opportunistic, and low-risk
Objective: Participate in campaign tracking and actor profiling to acquire a more profound knowledge of the attackers.
Cybersecurity experts that operate in a SOC (security operations center) and are in charge of day-to-day operations would benefit the most from operational intelligence. Threat monitoring, incident response, and vulnerability management are among the most regular users of operational intelligence since it helps them grow more proficient and effective at their assigned tasks.
Strategic Threat Intelligence
Challenge: When the adversary is misrepresented, poor business and organizational decisions are taken.
Objective: Threat intelligence should be used to inform corporate choices and processes.
Strategic intelligence explains how worldwide events, foreign policies, and other long-term local and global activities can impact an organization’s cyber security.
Decision-makers can use strategic information to comprehend the threats better that cyber threats represent to their businesses. They may make cybersecurity investments that successfully secure their enterprises and are aligned with their strategic aims if they have this insight.
It’s all in how you approach cybersecurity training. The idea is to influence how your workers do their everyday work by educating them on different types of attacks and teaching best-practice practices to safeguard themselves and your company. A habit takes two months to acquire on average, which means that a one-time training session where attendance is overwhelmed with material and then sent on their way is ineffective.
Check out our blog on How to Become a Cybersecurity Analyst: Skills and Roles – Kloudlearn Blog.
How can Kloudlearn help you?
Cybersecurity is a shared responsibility as all employees have their duties to protect their network and data. To make an effective protocol, the first step must be proper training. Kloudlearn’s free Cybersecurity program offers you comprehensive approaches to protect your network support, including securing data and information, running risk analysis, mitigation, and more.
Click here to access your self-paced cybersecurity training.