Cyber security

What Does a Cybersecurity Analyst Do [2022 Guide]


The cybersecurity analyst profession is the first line of defense when it comes to preventing cybercrime.

Computer networks are protected by cybersecurity analysts from cyberattacks and unwanted access. They can do that by forecasting and defending against cyber threats, as well as responding to security breaches when they occur. You play a critical role in safeguarding your company’s sensitive data in this position.

We’ll look at what it’s like to work as a cybersecurity analyst, why you might want to pursue a career in cybersecurity, and how to get started in this in-demand sector in this article.

Cybersecurity analyst job description

As a cybersecurity analyst, you’re responsible for preventing theft, loss, or illegal access to your company’s hardware, software, and networks. You might anticipate conducting a number of cybersecurity activities in a small company or organization. And  You might specialize as part of a bigger security team at larger companies.

While a cybersecurity analyst’s day-to-day work will vary based on the firm, here are some examples of tasks and responsibilities taken from real job postings:

  • Monitor for security issues and occurrences in network traffic.
  • Investigate and react to incidents in real-time.
  • Install and use firewalls, encryption software, and other security programs.
  • Prepare comprehensive incident response reports.
  • Fix if any error occurs
  • Develop and promote information security best practices
  • Investigate the threat
  • Conduct risk assessments and penetration tests on a regular basis.

Cybersecurity analysts must be familiar with both the prevailing cyber threat landscape and their company’s IT infrastructure. This could include knowledge of Windows, Mac, and Linux operating systems, as well as experience with firewalls, VPNs, and proxies, along with security and information event management systems (SIEMs).

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How to become a cybersecurity analyst

Starting a career in cybersecurity—or transitioning from another field—usually involves learning the necessary skills. If you’re looking for a job as a cybersecurity analyst, here are some steps you may take to get started.

  1. Understand the fundamentals of cybersecurity.

Security vocabulary, tools, and best practices are all unique to the profession. Taking some introductory cybersecurity courses can help you get a better understanding of everything. While you can easily learn yourself using books, blogs, podcasts, and other resources, you might find that taking a course helps to structure and contextualize what you’re learning

  1. Develop your cybersecurity skills.

While cybersecurity analysis is a technical job that involves some job-specific abilities, you’ll also need to develop your workplace skills, some of which may be transferrable from previous employment. These are some of the talents you should work on while you prepare for a career.

Cybersecurity technical skills.

Intrusion detection: While the ultimate goal of cybersecurity is to prevent attacks, you’ll need to know how to recognize them when they do occur. Network monitoring, event log analysis, and knowledge with SIEMs are all examples of this.

Endpoint management: Businesses need security experts who can protect a number of endpoints, such as PCs, phones, and internet of things devices, as more people work from home. Firewalls, antivirus software, network access controls, and virtual private networks are examples of tools (VPNs).

Data security: For many organizations, data is considered a precious resource. To defend it, you must understand encryption, access management, transmission control, and internet protocols (TCPs and IPs), as well as the CIA Triad (confidentiality, integrity, accessibility).

Networking and network security: The majority of attacks go for networked systems. To defend against these threats, you’ll need to comprehend how networks function and their specific vulnerabilities.

Programming: While technical improvements have gained importance for cybersecurity analysts to conduct their tasks without writing code, having a vague knowledge of languages such as JavaScript, Python, and C/C++ may give you an edge.

Cybersecurity workplace skills

Attention to detail: Paying close attention to the details could save your firm from a major data loss.

Communication: When security incidents occur, you’ll need to collaborate with your security team and document the investigation and recovery process. It’s possible that you’ll be responsible for instilling proper security practices in your coworkers.

Critical thinking skills enable you to make data-driven judgments, whether you’re responding to a threat, patching a vulnerability, or recommending new security policies.

Curiosity: As technology advances, fraudsters devise novel methods for stealing or destroying information. Curiosity will keep you informed about new risks and the best security procedures.

Calm under pressure: Responding to a security breach necessitates responding quickly and prioritizing the actions that will immediately shut down the assault or isolate the data breach, minimizing harm.

  1. Get a cybersecurity certification.

According to data from Burning Glass Technologies [3,] more than half of all cybersecurity roles (59%) require at least one qualification. Earning a cybersecurity certification is a great method to impress recruiters and potential employers. Exam preparation also allows you to learn more about the industry and improve your skills. Take a peek at some of the most in-demand cybersecurity certifications.

  1. Apply for jobs or internships.

Start applying for jobs or internships in the field once you’ve developed your cybersecurity skills. You could start in entry-level information technology (IT) job or as a junior data analyst, depending on your professional and educational background, before moving up to more specialized jobs.

Why pursue a career in cybersecurity

If you ask cybersecurity specialists why they selected this field, you’ll likely get a number of responses. By safeguarding sensitive data, you may make a difference at your company. There’s always something new to learn since new threats and sophisticated attacks emerge all the time. Keeping one step ahead of hackers may be a thrilling profession with no two days being alike.


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